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Micellar Enzymology- Chemistry and Applications



Urvish Chhaya1, *, Snehal Ingale2
1 Natubhai V. Patel College of Pure and Applied Sciences, Vallabh Vidyanagar-388120, Gujarat, India
2 Ashok and Rita Patel Institute of Integrated Biotechnology and Allied Sciences, New Vallabh Vidyanagar-388120, Gujarat, India


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© Chhaya and Ingale; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Natubhai V. Patel College of Pure and Applied Science affiliated to Sardar Patel University, Near Mota Bazar Post Office, Mota Bazar, Vallabh-Vidyanagar-388120, Gujarat, India; Tel: (02692) 235500; Fax: (02692) 234111; Cell: +919825409398; E-mail: urvish.chhaya@gmail.com


Abstract

Enzymes in aqueous environment usually deal with purified enzyme preparations isolated from living matter which does not mimic real catalytic properties in vivo. Interaction of enzymes in nature takes place with different surfaces composed from lipid membranes or they get incorporated into biomembranes. Although Water is not a dominating component in the cytoplasm but plays a structural role by participating in the formation of biocatalytic complexes like glycoproteins. Water is needed to keep biocatalyst in active confirmation and hence plays very crucial role in biocatalytic reactions, activity and stability so that it can be used for various applications. This review focuses on composition, preparation properties and parameters which influence enzymes in reverse micelles and application of micellar enzymology to study protein chemistry, shifting equilibrium of various reactions, to recover various products by partition chromatography and bioremediation of chlorophenolic environmental pollutants.

Keywords: Bisphenol A, Bis[2-ethylhexyl]sodium sulphosuccinate, Hydration ration, Micro heterogenous, Reverse micelles.