RESEARCH ARTICLE


Impact of Imidacloprid Seed Dressing Treatment on Soil Microorganisms and Enzyme Activities in the Maize Rhizosphere



Yanbing Wu*, Junjun Zhao, Zhenmin Yan, Yinghui Zhu
Henan Institute of Science and Technology, Xinxiang, Henan Province, China


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© Wu et al.; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this authors at the Hualan Street, School of Resources and Environment, Henan Institute of Science and Technology, Xingxiang 453003, P. R. China; Tel/Fax +86-373-3040147; E-mail: wybhist@126.com


Abstract

Under the field conditions, effects of imidacloprid seed dressing treatment on soil culturable microorganisms and enzyme activities in maize rhizosphere were studied. The results showed that the microbial populations for bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi in maize rhizosphere after imidacloprid treatments were lower than control. The bacteria and actinomycetes populations showed a trend of decreasing after increasing with the maize growth from the seedling stage to the maturity stage, and the fungi populations decreased with the maize growth. The urease activities of maize rhizosphere soil from different treatments showed a trend of initially increasing after decreasing, then decreasing. The invertase activities of maize rhizosphere soil from different treatments showed a trend of decreasing after increasing, and the peak value occurred at flowering stage. With the imidacloprid application, the invertase activities had been stimulated. The results may provide theoretical basis for rational seed dressing treatment.

Keywords: Enzyme activities, Imidacloprid, Maize, Microorganisms, Rhizosphere soil, Seed dressing treatment.