REVIEW ARTICLE


Water an Eco-Friendly Crossroad in Green Extraction: An Overview



Dasha Mihaylova1, Anna Lante2, *
1 Department of Biotechnology, University of Food Technologies, 26 Maritza Blvd., 4002, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
2 Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals, and Environment - DAFNAE, University of Padova, Viale Università 16, 35020, Agripolis, Italy


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Creative Commons License
© 2019 Mihaylova and Lante

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals, and Environment - DAFNAE, University of Padova, Anna Lante, Viale Università 16, 35020, Agripolis, Italy; Tel.:+39 049 8272920; E-mail: anna.lante@unipd.it


Abstract

In this review, the function of water and the increasing role of water as a green solvent and co-extractant based on its application in ancient times and the need of environmental thinking have been discussed. A brief summary of various extraction methods for natural products, the application of conventional and innovative processes, based on water and future insights and perspectives considering water as an eco-friendly crossroad in green extraction have been reported. Taking into account also the issue of wastewater, this paper calls for-more effective use of water as a finite resource.

Keywords: Water, Green solvent, Extraction, Wastewater, Natural products, Eco-friendly.