Endocrine Disruptors: a Real Concern for Humans?

Damiano Gustavo Mita1, 2*
1 National Laboratory on Endocrine Disruptors of INBB - Via Pietro Castellino,111, 80131 Naples, Italy
2 Institute of Genetics and Biophysics of CNR - Via Pietro Castellino 80131, Naples, Italy

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© Damiano Gustavo Mita; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the National Laboratory on Endocrine Disruptors of INBB - Via Pietro Castellino 80131, Naples, Italy; Email:


The role of Endocrine Disruptors as real risk for ecosystems, wildlife and humans represents a concern and the debate on this issue is open owing the conflicting interests between the producers of these products and the scientific community. A concise overview of the nature, presence and adverse effects induced in wildlife and humans by Endocrine Disruptors is illustrated. Some indications to reduce the exposure risk to Endocrine Disruptors are suggested.

Keywords: Adverse effects, BPA, endocrine disruptors, environmental pollution, exposure risks.