REVIEW ARTICLE


Polyphenols as Suitable Control for Obesity and Diabetes



Dasha Mihaylova1, Aneta Popova2, Iordanka Alexieva2, Albert Krastanov1, Anna Lante3, *
1 Department of Biotechnology, University of Food Technologies, 26 Maritza Blvd., Plovdiv 4002, Bulgaria
2 Department of Catering and Tourism, University of Food Technologies, 26 Maritza Blvd., Plovdiv 4002, Bulgaria
3 Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and Environment – DAFNAE, University of Padova, Viale Università 16, Agripolis 35020, Italy


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© 2018 Mihaylova et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and Environment – DAFNAE, University of Padova, Viale Università 16, 35020, Agripolis, Italy; Tel: +39 049 8272920; E-mail: anna.lante@unipd.it


Abstract

Modern life is characterized by physical inactivity and poor food choices, which is often a prerequisite for unhealthy weight gain and overweight/obesity. These factors unlock the emergence of a number of diseases including diabetes, cardiovascular problems, different types of cancer, etc.

The pursuit of scientists to seek strategies to prevent, relieve and cure the patient leads to the usage of natural compounds of potential beneficial effect. Polyphenols are a large group of naturally occurring secondary metabolites mainly found in plants and beverages. The presence of these secondary metabolites seems to decrease the manifestation of miscellaneous disease-causing symptoms.

The purpose of this review is to synthesize information about polyphenols and their potential in controlling obesity and diabetes. Polyphenols are considered as health-beneficial sources and thus could be involved in novel strategies for preventing diabetes and obesity complications.

Keywords: Polyphenols, Diabetes, Obesity, Nutrition, Functional foods, Foods choices.