REVIEW ARTICLE


Regulation of RNA Editing in Chloroplast



Wei Tang*
College of Horticulture and Gardening, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei 434025, China


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© 2018 Wei Tang.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the College of Horticulture and Gardening, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei 434025, China; Tel: +86-139-2107-4062; Fax: +86-716-806-6262; E-mail: wt10yu604@gmail.com


Abstract

RNA editing is an important process involved in the modification of nucleotides in the transcripts of a large number of functional genes. RNA editing results in the restoration of conserved amino acid residues for protein function in plants. In this review, I only describe and discuss the identified RNA editing and the RNA editing associated regulation in chloroplast, including cytidine-to-uridine editing, adenosine-to-inosine editing, and regulation of RNA editing in model plants, crop plants, woody plants, and medical plants. Information described in this review could be valuable in future investigation of molecular mechanisms that determine the specificity of the RNA editing process.

Keywords: Adenosine-to-inosine editing, Chloroplasts, Cytidine-to-uridine editing, Pentatricopeptide repeat protein, RNA editing factor.